Government of New Brunswick

Your property’s real property assessment value reflects its market value. Market value is the price that the property would likely sell for on the open real estate market on January 1 of each assessment year for which the assessment was made.  It is the most common method of property assessment used in North America today.

Assessments are based on market value because market value is transparent (real estate prices are published in the newspaper every day and sale prices are now public knowledge), easy to understand and a fair and realistic measure of a property's value.

At NB Property Assessment, we have a team of assessors who review the property assessment value of more than 470,000 properties throughout New Brunswick each year.

Our assessors aren't actually determining market value; they are simply reflecting the values that have been established by buyers and sellers in local real estate markets across the province.

But how do the assessors determine these values?

 

Assessors look at a variety of factors when assessing your property, including its location, sale prices of homes or properties in your area, and any recent renovations or improvements made to your property.
 

When several properties in your neighborhood sell for more than their assessed value, this suggests a higher value for all properties in that neighborhood - even if no physical improvements have been made. We analyze these trends and use them to make adjustments to assessments to bring them in line with their new market value. View recent sales in your area.

Your house and your neighbor's house may look very similar, but factors such as finished basements, age and quality of the building, and type of garage could result in a different assessment for each property. Even two seemingly identical houses can have very different assessments if they are located in different parts of a city, in a different community, or subjected to measurably different market forces. (Imagine the market value of your house in downtown Saint John or in the Miramichi- two areas with very different real estate markets).
 

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The bottom line is that an assessment is unique to each individual house or property. Factors that affect market value and your property assessment could include:

  • property location (including nearness to green spaces, community services, and access)
  • total finished floor area of a home
  • lot size
  • finished basement or lower level of home (finished floor, walls and ceiling)
  • quality of construction - materials and labor
  • age of building and abnormal depreciation
  • existence and type of garage
  • traffic influences or neighborhood characteristics
  • in the case of income producing properties, the income generated by that property

As real estate values in many areas of New Brunswick increased over the last few years, assessments grew to reflect these increased market values. Due in part to this, a cap was introduced in 2011 to limit increases in assessment for taxation on owner-occupied properties up to a maximum of 3% per year.

In 2013, the 3% cap on assessment increases was removed in order to return to a market value-based system. An Assessment Exemption is in place properties that benefitted from the 3% cap. (the difference between the 2012 market value and the 2012 capped value).  In addition, an Assessment Spike Protection mechanism is in place to gradually phase in taxation on market-driven  increases over time., Learn more in Understanding your notice.